Parts Of Speech

3/4C students participate in word study sessions each week.

During recent word study lessons, we have been learning about parts of speech.

Specifically, we have investigated:

  • Common nouns
  • Proper nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Adjectives
  • Verbs
  • Adverbs

There are other parts of speech to learn too, as well as a variety of other grammar terms, so we have these posters in our classroom to refer to.

***

Adjectives and adverbs make writing more interesting to read. Learning about these parts of speech will help our writing skills develop. We are writing narratives this week, so hopefully the stories contain lots of adjectives and adverbs!

When brainstorming adverbs, most of our examples had the suffix ‘-ly’ and described how a verb is performed. For example, quickly, strongly, confidently. But there are actually five different types of adverbs we use in our speech and writing.

Types of adverbs

***

We discussed that every complete sentence contains a noun and a verb.

Sometimes the verb in a sentence is not as obvious as a clear “doing word”. For example, in the sentence “I go swimming at the beach in summer”, swimming is obviously the verb. But the word go is also a verb.

The words in red below are also verbs:

  • He is good at football.
  • Do you have my iPad?
  • I will go for a run tomorrow.

Verbs can be present tense or past tense.

Past Present Verbs

You will notice a pattern in the verbs above. The past tense verbs all contain the ‘-ed’ suffix and the present tense verbs also have consistent suffixes.

There are some verbs that do not follow this rule. They are called irregular verbs. Do you know what irregular verbs are?

***

Can you find out what irregular verbs are? List some examples in your comment!

Write a comment containing some interesting nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs!

What have you learnt in our word study sessions so far this year?

Do you have any favourite adjectives or adverbs?

What nouns and verbs do you often use in your writing?

Descriptive Writing

Good writers can create a picture in their readers’ minds.

They can do this by:

  • using interesting vocabulary
  • elaborating on details
  • showing, rather than telling, some of the details
  • describing all five senses (what can be seen, heard, tasted, felt and smelt)
  • using lots of adjectives (describing words)
  • using metaphors or similies to compare two things
  • using synonyms (words with similar meanings) to make interesting word choices.

Found Blur Motion

The students in 4B were given the following short, uninteresting recount:

Miss Jordan and Miss Curtain went to the beach. They put down their things and went for a swim. They sat on the sand. Then they went home.

The children were asked to edit the writing to make it more interesting. They only had a short amount of time to do this but many students did a great job of creating a mind picture for their readers.

Here are some excerpts of the improved recounts from Daisy, Ella, Billy, Alex C and Georgie.

***

Could you leave a comment with your own improved description of the beach recount?

Do you have any tips for making writing more descriptive?

Do you have any favourite adjectives you like to use in your writing?